[51] The study of satellite images of the glacier showed that the glacier is retreating at a rate of about 110 meters a year and that the glacier size has decreased by almost 35 percent. [74], Sandia National Laboratories organised conferences where military experts and environmentalists from both India and Pakistan and also from other countries were invited to present joint papers. Siachen height News - Find Siachen height latest News and Headlines today along with Siachen height Photos and Videos at HindustanTimes.com. At Siachen glacier, the temperature is always freezing and it can even drop to minus 60 degrees Celsius. Thus, the glacier is a major source of the Indus[48] and feeds the largest irrigation system in the world. At a height of up to 8,000 meters, Siachen is regarded as the world's highest battlefield due to military conflict between India and Pakistan which was started in 1984. So, everything has to be brought down,” the officer said, adding that baling presses — machines that crush garbage into a compact unit — are used to clear the garbage. Including all tributary glaciers, the Siachen Glacier system covers about 700 km2 (270 sq mi). India (Kashmir,Siachen Glacier) When 1984 Since 1984 the Indian and Pakistani armies have faced each other on the Siachen Glacier, in the disputed territory of Kashmir, at a height of up to 6,700 m (22,000 ft), in temperatures as low as -60°C (-76°F). The Siachen glacier is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan and the Indian Army had gained control of it in 1984. “This entire area is a mountaineer’s paradise,” Stobzan observed. [34] Pakistan controls the glacial valleys immediately west of the Saltoro Ridge. Siachen Glacier. Now that civilians are allowed to experience the tough conditions of Siachen Glacier and many of you have even started to plan a trip to the highest battlefield, here we tell you 5 important facts about the place which is solely operated by Indian soldiers. The 1949 Karachi agreement only carefully delineated the line of separation to point NJ9842, after which, the agreement states that the line of separation would continue "thence north to the glaciers". Kent L. Biringer, a researcher at Cooperative Monitoring Center of Sandia Labs suggested setting up Siachen Science Center, a high-altitude research centre where scientists and researchers from both the countries can carry out research activities[71] related to glaciology, geology, atmospheric sciences and other related fields. The Siachen glacier is the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since April 13, 1984. [31][32] According to the present ground positions, relatively stable for over a decade, India maintains control over all of the 76 kilometres (47 mi) long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge[33] immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, Gyong La, Yarma La (6,100m), and Chulung La (5,800m). "Sia" in the Balti language refers to the rose family plant widely dispersed in the region. The Siachen Glacier lies immediately south of the great drainage divide that separates the Eurasian Plate from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram sometimes called the "Third Pole". Mountaineers who visited the area while on climbing expeditions witnessed large amount of garbage, empty ammunition shells, parachutes etc. Siachen disputation . The nearest civilian settlement is the village of Warshi, 10 miles downstream from the Indian base camp. THE Indian government on Monday (21) announced that the Siachen area, the world’s highest battlefield, is now open to tourists. Siachen Glacier. At 48 miles (72 km) in length, the Himalayan Siachen glacier is the largest glacier outside the poles. The diagram for Siachen Glacier shows the days per month, during which the wind reaches a certain speed. These are taught over a month at the Siachen Battle School at the base camp, also called the snout of the glacier, at 12,000 feet. India and Pakistan both claim the area and have thousands of soldiers stationed there. [54] In the twenty-nine-year period 1929–1958, well before the military occupation, the glacial retreat was recorded to be about 914 meters. [3][4] At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. Currently, India has the dominating position on the Saltoro ridge, under its control. Both countries maintain permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). [48][52] In an eleven-year period, the glacier had receded nearly 800 meters,[53] and in seventeen years about 1700 meters. [55] One of the reasons theorized for the recent glacial retreat is chemical blasting, done for constructing camps and posts. [47] The 1972 Simla Agreement made no change to the 1949 Line of Control in this northernmost sector. Prior to 1984, neither country had any military forces in this area. The Siachen Glacier base camp is situated at an altitude of 11,000 feet and Kumar post is at an altitude of 16,000 feet. Approximately 3000 soldiers always remain on duty in the glacier. Often romantically described as the world’s coldest and highest battlefield. https://bcvasundhra.blogspot.com/2014/11/fighting-at-siachan-heights.html India occupied the Siachen Glacier on 13 April 1984. The entire Siachen Glacier, with all major passes, has been under the administration of India (currently as part of the union territory of Ladakh, located in the Kashmir region) since 1984. Siachen Glacier, located near the Indo-Pak Line of Control, is known to be the highest battlefield in the world. For the military conflict over this area, see, Location of the Siachen Glacier within the greater, From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES ON THIS MAP MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", Siachen Glacier is 76 km (47 mi) long; Tajikistan's, as is done when determining river lengths, second-longest in the world's non-polar areas, Defence Research and Development Organisation, International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "The Himalayas War at the Top of the World", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Opinions", "Siachen dispute: India and Pakistan's glacial fight", "India gained control over Siachen in 1984", "In landmark move, PM Imran unveils 'new political map' of Pakistan", "Life & death in world's highest combat zone", "Siachen deaths harden resolve to hold glacier: Army chief", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Opinions", "Siachen height provides military depth India can't afford to lose | India News", "Story of Saltoro – From Ababeel to Meghdoot", "Avalanche buries Pakistan base; 117 soldiers feared dead", "Bleeding in Siachen: Pakistan losing 30 soldiers a year on highest battlefield", "Rescue operations at Gayari Sector after Pakistan avalanche, Photo Gallery", "33 Indian soldiers killed in Siachen since 2012: govt", "In Siachen, 869 Army men died battling the elements", "Kashmir's Siachen glacier a frigid outpost in India-Pakistan conflict", "Demilitarization of the Siachen Conflict Zone: Concepts for Implementation and Monitoring", "India must continue to hold on to Siachen: Bikram Singh, Army Chief General", "Army should stay put in Siachen, says General Bikram Singh", "846 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen since 1984", "Won't vacate Siachen, we can't trust Pakistan, says Manohar Parrikar | India News", "Here's how ISRO's space technology can save lives of soldiers at Siachen", "Siachen: While the battle continues to rage, no settlement is in sight", "Siachen glacier: Indian troops repulse major Pakistani offensive", "Army opposes Pakistan's demand for troop withdrawal from Siachen Glacier – Indian Express", "UN Map showing CFL as per Karachi Agreement – UN document number S/1430/Add.2", "Why India cannot afford to give up Siachen", "Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry for Glacier Movement Studies", "Exchange Siachen confrontation for peace", "Military activity leads to melting of Siachen glaciers", "Environmental peacemaking: Ending conflict between India and Pakistan on the Siachen Glacier through the creation of a transboundary peace park", "Siachen tragedy – day 5: Bad weather dogs avalanche search efforts", "16 Things You Should Know About India's Soldiers Defending Siachen", "Pakistan wants resolution of Siachen issue: Kayani", India hits back at Pak over Siachen issue, "Out of the box ideas for glacier: Siachen could become bio reserve or peace park", "Sites deferred by the Committee which may merit re-nomination", "US expert at Sandia wants Siachen converted into Science Centre", TIME Asia's cover story on Siachen Glacier (July 11, 2005), Video about the Conflict in the Siachen area and its consequences, Outside magazine article about Siachen battleground, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Kargil, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research, Eliezer Joldan Memorial College Leh, Ladakh, Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siachen_Glacier&oldid=991612509, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:36. 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